HONDA CT110 OWNERS MANUAL

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Filed Under (Honda) by admin on 22-04-2011

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ENGINE OIL Engine Oil Level Check Check the engine oil level each day before riding the motorcycle. The level must be maintained between the upper (2) and lower (3) marks on the dipstick (1). 1. Start the engine and let it idle for a few minutes. 2. Stop the engine and hold the motorcycle in an upright position on firm, level ground. 3. After a few minutes, remove the oil filler cap/dipstick, wipe it clean, and reinsert the dipstick without screwing it in. The oil level should be between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. 4. If required, add the specified oil up to the upper level mark. Do not overfill. 5. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick, check for oil leaks. CAUTION Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious engine damage. TYRES Proper air pressure will provide maximum stability, riding comfort and tire life. Check tire pressure frequently and adjust if necessary. NOTE Tire pressure should be checked before you ride while the tyres are cold. Select the right replacement tire in accordance with the following specifications: Cold tire pressures kPa ( kg/cm2, psi ) Front: 175 ( 1.75, 25 ) Rear : 225 ( 2.25, 33 ) Tire size Front: 2.75 – 17 41P Rear : 2.75 – 17 41P Check the tires for cuts, embedded nails, ore other sharp objects. See your authorized Honda Dealer for replacement of damaged tires or punctured inner tubes OPERATION PRE-RIDE INSPECTION WARNING If the Pre-ride Inspection is not performed, serious damage or an accident may result. Inspect your motorcycle very day before you ride it. The items listed here will only take a few minutes to check, and in the long run they can save time, expense and possibly you life. 1. Engine oil level – add engine oil if required. Check for leaks. 2. Fuel level – fill the fuel tank when necessary. Check for leaks. 3. Brakes – check operation. Adjust free play if necessary. 4. Tyres – check condition and pressure. 5. Drive chain – check condition and slack. Adjust and lubricate if necessary. 6. Throttle – check for smooth opening and full closing in all steering positions. 7. Lights – check that headlight, tail/brake light, turn signals, indicators. 8. Engine stop switch – check for proper function. 9. Battery electrolyte – check the level and add if necessary Correct any discrepancy before you ride. Contact your authorized Honda dealer for assistance if you cannot correct the proble

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Suspension Basics for BMW Motorcycles

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Filed Under (BMW) by admin on 30-11-2010

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tires: Tires are the first part of any suspension system. The design of the tire and even the pressure you run can have a profound affect on the way your motorcycle handles. Stiff, low profile tires will give a sharper feel to the bike, as will higher tire pressures. Those of us who ride our GS’s off the road will decrease the tire pressure to about 50% of the street spec when we are in the dirt. The tire then becomes a very active part of the suspension, but will wallow like an old pig if not re-inflated when pressed back into pavement duty. It still surprises me when we have a customer complain that his BMW needs new shocks when they come in with nearly flat tires. It is possible that the best dollars-per- unit improvement you can make to your BMW may be in keeping the tires inflated. Chassis: There is not much that we can do about the chassis design, unless we are Troy the Welder, but it is a fact that different frames and swing arms flex differently and therefore are part of the suspension. On the Airheads, we often braced various parts of the frame and swing arms, resulting in improved handling that even mere mortals could appreciate. On the latest BMW’s it would take the likes of a Valentino Rossi to even notice if the parts were stiffened. Stiffer is not always better. One of the Japanese racing bike manufactures controls the stiffness of the frame in various areas to allow some flex for better handling. So, Mr. Rossi might not even like it if Troy stiffened his new BMW. Springs: Springs control the ride height of the motorcycle and the ability to allow for different loads. On most BMW’s there is a way to adjust the spring preload to some extent so that the ride can be optimized for a light rider or two-up operation with luggage. Dampers: Dampers control the speed and frequency at which the suspension operates by changing the kinetic (moving) energy to thermal (heat) energy. Without the damper, the suspension would oscillate as each movement occurred, resulting in decreased vehicle control. Dampers on BMW’s fall into two main groups. On airheads, older K bikes, F and G models, and the R1200 HP-2, the front dampers are integrated into the forks. On the rear of the above mentioned -3 – models, and on both ends of all the rest of the bikes, there is a more common shock absorber, around which the spring is located. The HP-2 uses an air spring and air dampened rear shock. Seat: OK, folks, this is here for my old buddy Jeff. We know that a seat isn’t part of suspension, but a bad one sure can make you miserable. We have sent dozens of seats to our friend Mike Harris for inexpensive mods that might improve your riding enjoyment more than any suspension changes you could make! Let us know if we can help you with this most important item

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